Cholesterol comes in different types that may be beneficial in cardiovascular health. The type of LDL you have affects how it acts in the body
Your genetics plays a role in what kind of fat you can have
Lets talk about CHOLESTEROL. There has been a recent change you may of heard about, how the medical community views dietary cholesterol and serum cholesterol. Hint: One does not affect the other…much.
But first some basics of cholesterol:
- Needed for production of sex hormones, and adrenal glands
- Needed for production of Vitamin D, and thus important for the immune system, and bone health
- Brain function, nerve impulses
- A structural component of cell membranes, to give it rigidity, but also plays a role as a antioxidant
- LDL brings cholesterol from liver to tissues/organs; HDL recycles the used cholesterol, and other byproducts back
I want to explain the mechanisms of why this is so, and why people with cardiovascular disease are sometimes unaffected by dietary cholesterol. According to recent studies, 75% of patients hospitalized with heart attacks, have normal LDL levels. The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology actually recommends that doctors not prescribe cholesterol lowering medications (Statins) based on cholesterol ALONE! More information is needed.
As nutritional sciences advance, we now know that LDLs come in different shapes, sizes, and densities. LDLs come in different particle sizes: big buoyant particles, and small dense ones, they are termed PATTERN A, and B. Pattern B, tends to be oxidase more easily in the blood vessels as LDLs are delivering fat, and cholesterol to tissues, basically this oxidization is what is causing fatty plaque build up in arteries, thus leading to blockages, and down the road, Heart Disease. Pattern A is linked with good cardiovascular health
This Pattern of LDL is mainly determined by genetics, sorry.
So here is the rundown:
- When possible get a LDL particle lab test down, some medical offices do it
- Know your Pattern, either A or B. Called Sub-Fractionated cholesterol panel
- Pattern A = you would do well on a high fat diet, with saturated fats: grass fed butter, or coconut oil, grass fed beef
- Pattern B: you would be better off on a low fat diet, very little saturated fats
- Insulin Sensitivity
- C-reactive Protein, a marker of inflammation
- Fibrinogen, measures blood clot formation
- Overall, carbs monitored base on what fitness/weight goals are
Disclaimer: Please check with your physician before altering any diet plan
However, due to genetics, a person with a family history of high cholesterol, consuming dietary cholesterol may increase it further. Others may not be affected at all.
The common rule still holds true but with more detail.: Know your number, know your risk…or know your particle sizes, and pattern, and genetic make up.